Water is recognised as a “basic human right” needed to for survival. It is estimated that there is approximately 1.4 billion km3 of water on this plant. Of this total volume, only 2.5 percent (or 35 million km3) is fresh water. So for a population of 6 billion people, we only have 2.5% available for use – and this use includes industrial, domestic and agricultural usage. Agricultural usage accounts for 80% of the global consumption.
The Human Development Report presents this concept perfectly: if roughly 98% of our planet is comprised of saltwater. If we theoretically put this water into a bucket, only a teaspoon of this body of water would be drinkable. 6 billion people – 1 teaspoon. Continue reading